Diaries and Letters - Alexander II The Tsar Liberator - by Nick Nicolason The reign of Alexander II is marked by contrasts; while Alexander II was known as the "Tsar-Liberator" for his emancipation of the Russian serfs, he also reigned over one of the most repressive periods in Russian history and faced numerous attempts on his life, ultimately resulting in his assassination. His personal life exhibited a similar dichotomy, as he was an unprecedented benefactor to children and orphans, yet humiliated his own wife and family by installing his mistress and later morganatic wife and their children in rooms in the Winter Palace above his family's own quarters. Educated by legions of private tutors, Alexander also was forced to endure rigorous military training which his father felt was crucial to the development of strength and character.
From the early age the boy was reared for the throne. Tutored by a poet and literary critic Vasily Zhukovsky, the young heir apparent received a broad and thorough education, from arts and languages to sciences and rigorous military training.
To complete his schooling at the age of 19 he embarked on an extensive tour of Russia and Europe. The couple married in and had 8 children. Beginning of rule Alexander became Tsar on the death of Nicholas I inaged 36, already a mature and experienced statesman.
The Treaty of Paris ended the bloodshed but Russia lost its dominance in the Balkans and its warships were banned from the Black Sea. A painful feeling of failure was widespread.
Alexander felt the time was ripe for reforms. Censorship was relaxed, new education programmes drafted, independent press flourished. But the Tsar realised he had to go far beyond that.
Aboloshing serfdom and reforms Serfs being declared free picture from russia-talk. But he pushed ahead with the reform and in Russia became one of the last countries in Europe to shake off serfdom.
|Emperor Alexander II "the Liberator"||He is called the "czar liberator" because he freed the serfs poor peasants who lived on land owned by nobles in|
|Alexander II Biography - life, family, history, young, son, information, born, house, time||Rossiyaalso officially known as the Russian Empire Russian: Rossiyskaya Imperiyais a country in Eurasia.|
|Sign up, it's free!||He is called the "czar liberator" because he freed the serfs poor peasants who lived on land owned by nobles in Alexander's reign is famous in Russian history and is called the "era of great reforms.|
The emancipation law itself was an enormously long document of nearly pages. Instead, they had to buy or rent the land from their former masters. In the end, few were pleased.
For the nobles, the step was unwelcome, for the peasants the long-awaited freedom brought disappointment. The land was often priced higher than its real value and millions found themselves in hopeless poverty and debt.
Still, the change spurred other innovations — education and judicial reforms followed, an elaborate scheme of local self-government in large towns and rural districts was set up.
The economy was boosted, railway construction boomed, trade soared, banks and factories sprang up across the country. But together with political openness the Empire saw the rise of the nationalistic movements.
In the so-called January Uprising flared up in Poland. It was suppressed after eighteen months of fighting, thousands of Poles were executed or deported to Siberia, many estates were confiscated and a much tighter Russian control over Poland was imposed.
Military spending sky-rocketed but the army was restructured and rearmed to fit European standards. And the Tsar soon got the chance to test his brand new military might against the power that dealt him a humiliating defeat two decades earlier.
Alexander II, the Liberator, portrait image from portrets. In a Bulgarian revolt against the Turks was brutally crushed causing a public outcry in Russia.
Alexander was reluctant to fight but saw himself as champion of the oppressed Orthodox Christians and declared the war the next year. It took him another year to win —Russian soldiers were killed, but after years of Turkish rule Bulgaria was back on the map.
But after a military triumph Russia faced a devastating diplomatic defeat. The Tsar initially dictated the terms of the peace settlement. The Ottoman Empire conceded the creation of a large Bulgarian state. Not able to afford another war, Alexander could only watch as much of his efforts were erased.
He later called it one of the darkest pages of Russian diplomacy. Personal life The war took its toll on Alexander.
His interest in politics weakened, he felt exhausted and sought refuge in his private life.Definitions of Alexander the Liberator 1 n the son of Nicholas I who, as czar of Russia, introduced reforms that included limited emancipation of the serfs (). Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan.
Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven. Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan.
Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven. Mar 24, · Alexander died after twelve years of constant military campaigning, possibly as a result of malaria, poisoning, typhoid fever, viral encephalitis or the consequences of alcoholism.
His legacy and conquests lived on long after him, and ushered in centuries of Greek settlement and cultural influence over distant nationwidesecretarial.com: Resolved. Alexander II also known as the liberator, was the Emperor of Russia from to He was responsible for reforms of the legal system, local goverment, armed forces and the emancipation of the serfs, which was the the most important reform in Dec 01, · Sunsquent family members did very little to propogate his greatness.
His son immediately reversed some of the decisions he took just prior to his death and it is well known that Alexander III was against much of what Alexander II did professionally late in his reign.